Saturday, 11 August 2018

LIVE: Katuntu speaks out on FDC

Katuntu on the show today. PHOTO CAPITAL FM MEDIA

Member of Parliament for Bugweri Abdu Katuntu has said the differences in the Forum For Democratic Change (FDC) are not about recent elections nor about money.

He said the party simply has two tendencies, and like in aviation, is currently facing turbulence. 

Katuntu said the party and its 'captains' now face three possibilities now - the "FDC plane" will either ride through the turbulence, crash land or have an outright crash.

The debate, he said, should be "has the FDC reached the tipping point" in the turbulence? 

Katuntu also dismissed reports that there is a fight over who controls or gives out funds in the party.

"Every body says says it is (the conflict) about money, money, money, money. The other day I was making a formal calculation how much money I have put into the party. I contribute monthly, and I have done it from 2007, monthly, religiously... it is a contribution in millions, formally every month," he explained. 

"This is not about money to some of us, it is about trying to build a party..... but the country is so cynical that nobody does anything in good faith or for the country, they all do it for money which actually is not correct."

Katuntu was speaking on The Capital Gang on Capital 91.3Fm in Kampala on Saturday. HERE BELOW, THE CLIP




Saturday, 4 August 2018

VIDEO: How it came to be Munyagwa Mugati gwa Bata

Nanfi on The Capital Gang today
Lawyer Anne Mary Nanfuka has said that Forum for Democratic Change's decision to select Mubarak  Munyangwa to replace Abdu Katuntu as chair of the powerful COSACE (Committee on Com­mis­sions, Statu­tory Au­thor­i­ties and State En­tre­prises) is a final sign that the party is "dead".

Discussion was heated on The Capital Gang on Capital 91.3Fm in Kampala on Saturday as the gangsters tried to explain the changes to the standing committees of parliament by the opposition FDC.

Katuntu called it a purge, saying he will consult with colleagues who have been dropped by FDC President Patrick Amuriat. "If it was a reshuffle, there would be nothing wrong with it, but this does not seem to be a reshuffle. It is a purge!" he said. 


Monday, 30 July 2018

Supreme and Constitutional Court rulings leave Attorney General's in tray full

Justice Kakuru read out 5 recommendations. He wants the AG
 to work on some of them in the next 6 months. PHOTO UG JUDICIARY
Just as the deadline to make 10 election related reforms that the Attorney General was given by the Supreme Court nears, the Constitutional Court has added pressure on the Government's lawyer. They have made additional recommendations expected to be implemented in the next six months.

In their judgement in the Constitutional Petitions Numbers 49 of 2017, 3 of 2018, 5 of 2018, 10 of 2018, and 13 of 2018, justices of the Constitutional Court last week urged the Attorney General to urgently push legislative reform in several areas. 

The justices demanded a constitutional review commission be constituted, and inquiry on police conduct be set up. The also asked a forensic audit be done of accounts of the 10th Parliament.

The justices in their recommendation for reforms in parliament, referred to the Supreme Court ruling that had set a two year deadline in 2016 for action by the Attorney General.

Attorney General William Byaruhanga at parliament
The Constitutional Court at Mbale last week ruled 4-1 that the removing the age limit on the Presidency was constitutional, but were 5-0 in agreement that the extension of parliamentary term from five to 7, is unconstitutional.

"By majority decision (Owiny – Dollo, DCJ/PCC; Kasule, Musoke, Barishaki Cheborion, JJCC; with Kakuru JCC dissenting), the  Court declared that sections 1, 3, 4, and 7, of the Constitution (Amendment) Act No. 1 of 2018, which remove age limits for the President, and Chairperson Local Council V, to contest for election to the respective offices, and for the implementation of the recommendations of the Supreme Court in Presidential Election Petition No. 1; Amama Mbabazi vs Yoweri Museveni, have, each, been passed in full compliance with the Constitution; and therefore remain the lawful and valid provisions of Constitution (Amendment) Act No. 1 of 2018."

Justice Owiny Dolo (middle) headed Constitutional Court.

The consolidated recommendations from the rulings of the Constitutional Court Justices are:

(1) There is urgent need for the Attorney General to bring before Parliament a proposal to constitute a Constitutional Review Commission under the Commission of Inquiry Act Cap 166 detailing 15 therein terms of reference, for amendment of the Constitution.  That Commission be tasked with a duty of seeking the views of the people of Uganda in a period of not less than six months on all proposed amendments and to make proposals to Parliament.   

(2)  A similar commission of inquiry be set up to investigate, determine and make recommendations regarding the apparent brutality of the Police against the citizens of this Country with a view of seeking a remedy to this mischief.  

(3)  The Government provides sufficient funds for this purpose.   

(4)  The Attorney General issues within a period of six months from date hereof guidelines to the Police in their implementation of the Public  Order and Management Act and a copy thereof be submitted to the Constitutional Court.   

(5) The Auditor General carries out a forensic audit of Accounts of the 10th Parliament, and a copy of the resultant report be submitted to the Constitutional Court and to the Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs.  

(6) Parliament puts in place Rules/guidelines to provide for and facilitate public participation of the people in issues of amendment of the Constitution that are not the subject of a referendum or approval by district councils, and also in others where such participation is necessary. These Rules/guidelines should enable Parliament and the Courts of law to determine whether or not the people have effectively participated in the amendment of the constitution.  The appropriate provisions of the Kenya and South Africa Constitutions may provide some guidance in this respect. 

(7) The provisions of the Parliament (Powers and Privileges) Act, and other relevant laws and Rules notwithstanding, there is need for Parliament to put in place a mechanism whereby  Members of Parliament lawfully carrying out their duties and responsibilities as representatives of the people, are not prevented and/or interfered with in carrying out their responsibilities by directives be they of a security nature or otherwise, like those AIGP Asuman Mugyenyi issued to all Police Stations as regards the consultative meetings that the  Members of Parliament were carrying out.  A mechanism whereby, for example, amongst other proposals, the Speaker’s input is first sought before any such actions and/or directives are taken and issued by any authority, may go a long way in enhancing the very essential role of Parliament as the springboard through which all of Ugandans participate in promoting Constitutionalism in Uganda. 

Chief Justice Katureebe
The Supreme Court 2016

Two years ago, the Supreme Court had it its detailed reasons for their ruling in the Uganda Presidential Election Petition No 1 of 2016 identified 10 key reforms that it wants the Attorney General to implement ahead of the next elections.

“The Attorney General must follow up the recommendations made by this court with the other organs of state, namely parliament and the executive,” Justice Jotham Tumwesigye said on behalf of the court in August 2016. “The Attorney General shall report to the court within two years from the date of this Judgment the measures that have been taken to implement these recommendations.”

The Supreme Court that had Chief Justice Bart Katureebe, Justice Joram Tumwesigye, Justic Kisaakye, Justice Arach Amoko, Justice Nshimye, Justice Mwangusha, Justice Opio-Aweri, Mwondha,  and justice Tibatemwa-Ekirikubinza noted that in the past two Presidential Petitions, the court made some important observations and recommendations with regard to the need for reform in the area of elections generally and Presidential elections in particular, many of which have remained unanswered by the Executive and the Legislature.

The Ugandan judges said this as they gave detailed reasons for the judgment they made earlier that year, throwing out the legal challenge by Amama Mbabazi to President Yoweri Museveni’s fifth-term election victory.

Areas the court identified that in their view needed reform were:

1. The Time for filing and determination of the petition: In the course of hearing this petition, the issue of the inadequacy of the time provided in Article 104(2) and (3) of the Constitution for filing and determining of presidential election petitions came up.The same issue was also pointed out by this Court in the two previous presidential election petitions. The 10 day period within which to file a presidential election petition and to gather evidence and the 30 days within which the Court must analyze the evidence and make a decision as provided under Article 104(2) and (3) of the Constitution and section 59(2) and (3) of the PEA is inadequate. We recommend that the period be reviewed and necessary amendments be made to the law to increase it to at least 60 days to give the parties and the Court sufficient time to prepare, present, hear 5 and determine the petition, while at the same time being mindful of the time within which the new President must be sworn in.

2. The nature of evidence: Whilst the use of affidavit evidence in presidential election petitions is necessary due to the limited time within which the petition must be determined, it nevertheless has serious drawbacks mainly because the veracity of affidavit evidence cannot be tested through examination by the Court or cross-examination by the other party. Affidavit evidence on its own may be unreliable as many witnesses tend to be partisan. We recommend that the Rules be amended to provide for the use of oral evidence in addition to affidavit evidence, with leave of court.

3. The time for holding fresh elections: Article 104(7) provides that where a presidential election is annulled, a fresh election 20 must be held within 20 days. We believe this is unrealistic, given the problems that have come to light in the course of hearing all the three petitions that this Court has dealt with to-date. In all these petitions, the Commission has been found wanting in some areas. Importation of election materials has sometimes been a problem. Securing funds has also often provided challenges.Therefore, to require the Commission to hold a free and fair election within 20 days after another has been nullified is being overly optimistic. A longer and more realistic time-frame should be put in place.

4. The Use of technology: While the introduction of technology in the election process should be encouraged, we nevertheless recommend that a law to regulate the use of technology in the conduct and management of elections should be enacted. It should be introduced well within time to train the officials and 10 sensitize voters and other stakeholders.

5. Unequal use of State owned media: Both the Constitution in Article 67(3)and the PEA in section 24 (1), provide that all presidential candidates shall be given equal time and space on State-owned media to present their programmes to the people. We found that UBC had failed in this duty. We recommend that the electoral law should be amended to provide for sanctions against any State organ or officer who violates this Constitutional duty.

6.The late enactment of relevant legislation: We observed 20 that the ECA and the PEA were amended as late as November, 2015. Indeed the Chairman of the Commission gave the late
amendment of the law as the reason for extending the nomination date. We recommend that any election related law reform be undertaken within two years of the establishment of the new Parliament in order to avoid last minute hastily enacted legislation on elections.

7.Donations during election period: Section 64 of the PEA deals with bribery. We note that Section 64(7) forbids candidates or their agents from carrying out fundraising or giving donations during the period of campaigns. Under Section 5 64(8), it is an offence to violate Section 64 (7). However, we note that under Section 64 (9) a candidate may solicit for funds to organize for elections during the campaign period. Furthermore, a President may in the ordinary course of his/her duties give donations even during the campaign period. This section in the law should be amended to prohibit the giving of donations by all candidates including a President who is also a candidate, in order to create a level playing field for all.

8. Involvement of public officers in political campaigns: The law should make it explicit that public servants are prohibited from involvement in political campaigns.

9.The role of the AttorneyGeneral in election petitions: The Attorney General is the principal legal advisor of Government as per Article 119 of the Constitution. Rule 5 of the PEA Rules also requires the Attorney General to be served with the petition. We found that several complaints were raised against some public officers and security personnel during the election process. However, the definition of “respondent” in Rule 3 of the PEA Rules as it currently is, does not include the Attorney General as a possible Respondent.Further, Rule 20(6) of the PEA Rules, provides that even when a Petitioner wants to withdraw a petition, the Attorney General can object to the withdrawal. The law should be amended to make it permissible for the Attorney General to be made Respondent where necessary.

10.Implementation of recommendations by the Supreme Court: We note that most of the recommendations for reform made by this Court in the previous presidential election petitions,have remained largely unimplemented. It may well be that no authority was identified to follow up their implementation. We have nevertheless observed in this petition that the Rules require that the Attorney General be served with all the documents in the petition. We have further noted that the Attorney General may object to withdrawal of proceedings. Therefore the Attorney General is the authority that must be served with the recommendations of this Court for necessary follow up.

Saturday, 28 July 2018

KATUNTU: The Age Limit judgment gives green light to army to intervene anywhere

The Capital Gang in session. Katuntu top. PHOTO CAPITAL FM
Member of Parliament for Bugweri Abdu Katuntu has warned that one of the effects of the Age Limit judgment on Friday is that the Ugandan army can now intervene anywhere and have it justified.

"The effect of this judgment is that you can breach now any rule of parliament and it will be justified. I find that very dangerous...the army can enter any institution if it so warrants, and it can be justified," Katuntu said, adding "they can even enter the Chief Justice's chambers."

Katuntu was speaking on The Capital Gang on Capital 91.3Fm in Kampala on Saturday a day after the Constitutional Court in Mbale ruled that removing the 'Age Limit' on contesting for the presidency was constitutional, and that, the extension of parliamentary terms is unconstitutional.

In Friday's ruling, one of the five justices Cheborion Barishaki in fact stated that the September 2017 incident when soldiers of Special Forces Command entered the Parliament chamber and roughed up lawmakers does not itself invalidate the legislation. He said the events in Parliament constituted "an emergency" and army action justified.

Katuntu said an appeal should be filed. "We need to put this judgment to another level so that we have the final decision, never mind if it will be any different, but let's have it."

Another lawyer, Robert Kirunda agreed with Katuntu. "What happened in Mbale was the court has opened the door for militarism to triumph civilian authority. Saying the action of the forces was justified was, in my view, the darkest moment in that judgment."


Tuesday, 24 July 2018

Facts and figures on the Airbus A330-800neo that Uganda Airlines has ordered.

Facts and figures about the Airbus A330-800 neo that Uganda Airlines has ordered. Figures as of June 30 SOURCE Wikipedia

Airbus A330neo firm orders
Initial dateCountryCustomer800neo900neoCombined
19 Nov 2014United StatesDelta Air Lines2525
3 Dec 2014United StatesCIT Group1515
15 Dec 2014MalaysiaAirAsia X6666
23 Dec 2014IrelandAvolon1515
9 Mar 2015United StatesAir Lease Corporation2929
13 Nov 2015PortugalTAP Air Portugal1414
19 Apr 2016IndonesiaGaruda Indonesia1414
11 Jun 2016IsraelArkia Israeli Airlines22
29 Nov 2016New-Caledonia (France)Aircalin22
22 Dec 2016IranIran Air2828
30 Mar 2017IcelandWOW air44
21 Sep 2017BrazilAzul Brazilian Airlines55
15 Dec 2017SenegalAir Senegal22
15 Dec 2017SingaporeBOC Aviation22
4 Jun 2018Unidentified Customer1010
18 Jul 2018UgandaUganda Airlines22
19 Jul 2018MalaysiaAirAsia X3434

A330neo orders and deliveries
As of 30 June 2018
Cumulative A330neo orders and deliveries
As of 30 June 2018


Airbus A330-800 and -900
Cockpit crewTwo
3-class seating257287
Maximum seating406440
Seat width8-abreast economy: 18 in (46 cm)
Cabin width5.26m / 17ft 3in
Hold136.0 m3 (4,800 cu ft)162.8 m3 (5,750 cu ft)
Cargo capacity27 LD3 or 8 pallets + 3 LD333 LD3 or 9 pallets + 5 LD3
Length58.82 m (193.0 ft)63.66 m (208.9 ft)
Height17.39 m (57.1 ft)16.79 m (55.1 ft)
Wingspan64 m (210 ft)
MTOW251 t (553,000 lb)
MZFW176 t (388,000 lb)181 t (399,000 lb)
OEW[96]132 t (291,000 lb)137 t (302,000 lb)
Fuel capacity139,090 l (36,740 US gal)
Maximum speedMach 0.86 (496 kn; 918 km/h)
Range8,150nmi / 15,094km7,200nmi / 13,334km
Engine (×2)Rolls-Royce Trent 7000
Thrust (×2)324.0 kN / 72,834 lbf (Take-Off)

Monday, 23 July 2018

Bishop of Solwezi, Zambia elected Chairman of AMECEA

Plenary Delegates in Session. PHOTOS AMECEA ONLINE NEWS
Addis Ababa | AMECEA Online News | The Catholic Bishops of the Association of Member Episcopal Conferences in Eastern Africa (AMECEA) have elected Rt Rev Charles Kasonde, Bishop of Solwezi, Zambia as Chairman of the association.

Bishop Kasonde who was an AMECEA Executive Board delegate from Zambia takes over from H.E. Berhaneyesus D. Cardinal Souraphiel, Archbishop of Addis Ababa, Ethiopia who served as Chairman for one term of four years.  

The Chairman of AMECEA is elected every Four Years during the business session of the Plenary meeting. The position is held for a maximum of two terms.

Speaking at the Official Closing Mass of the 19th AMECEA Plenary Assembly on Monday where he was the main celebrant, Bishop Kasonde expressed  gratitude to AMECEA Bishops for trusting and having confidence in him and other office bearers who have been elected and appointed to various positions. 

"May I ask for your support and collaboration, in synodality and communion," he said adding that "As we are closing our plenary Assembly, I want to ask you all to live the theme of the Plenary: Vibrant Diversity, Equal Dignity, Peaceful unity in God in the AMECEA Region. And remain committed to the common initiatives of AMECEA," he said.

He was elected at during business session of the 19th AMECEA Plenary Assembly on Saturday.

Bishop Kasonde was born on 14 December 1968 and was ordained as a priest on August 4, 2001 in Ndola, Zambia. He was appointed Bishop on 23 March 2010 and consecrated as a Bishop on 29 May 2010.


AMECEA Bishiops have appointed Very Rev Fr Anthony Makunde of Mbeya Diocese, Tanzania as the new Secretary General of the Association. 

The announcement was made by the Outgoing Chairman H.E Berhaneyesus D. Cardinal Souraphiel, Archbishop of Addis Ababa during the closing Mass of the 19th AMECEA Plenary Assembly held at the Catholic Cathedral of The Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary in Addis Ababa on 23rd July, 2018.

Fr Makunde is taking over from Very Rev. Ferdinand Lugonzo of Kakamega Diocese, Kenya who served two terms as Secretary General of the Association. 

His Eminence Berhaneyesus also announced the appointment of Rev Fr Stephen Mbugua, from Nakuru Diocese, Kenya as the new Vice Chancellor of the Catholic University of Eastern Africa – CUEA. 

Rev. Fr. Mbugua takes over from Professor Justus Mbae, from Kenya who is finishing his mandate with the University as a Vice Chancellor.

Archbishop Ziyaye tells AMECEA Bishops not to be intimidated by threats

Most Rev. Tarcisius Ziyaye, Archbishop of Lilongwe, Malawi has asked his brother Bishops from AMECEA Region to remain firm in condemning social injustices and exploitation of the poor. He urged them not be afraid to suffer for the people of God entrusted to their pastoral care and must not shy away from preaching the Gospel of Christ, which will eventually lead to ending exploitation and the injustice.

In his Homily during the Eucharistic Celebrations on Saturday 21st at AMECEA 19th Plenary Assembly in Addis Ababa Ethiopia, Archbishop Ziyaye said that often times Cardinals, Bishops and Priests are intimidated with threats whenever they preach against acts of injustices and exploitation of the poor.

“My brothers and sisters, it is a fact that when we Bishops and of course cardinals as well as priests, preach against exploitation of the poor or issue pastoral letters pointing out the injustices, more often than not some politicians and government react very badly. They desert us and even threaten us with persecution or death,” Archbishop Ziyaye said adding that the Bishops as serious disciples of Jesus Christ they should give up on their duty and responsibility.


Sunday, 22 July 2018

"China and Rwanda: A Friendship Higher than Mountains" by President Xi Jinping

An article titled "China and Rwanda: A Friendship Higher than Mountains" written by Chinese President Xi Jinping was published in Rwanda print media on Saturday ahead of his state visit . Xi's arrived in Kigali on Sunday night.

This is  the full text of the article:

China and Rwanda: A Friendship Higher than Mountains BY Xi Jinping President of the People's Republic of China

At the invitation of President Paul Kagame, I will pay a state visit to Rwanda from 22 to 23 July. It will be not only my first visit to Rwanda but also the very first visit to Rwanda by any Chinese President. I am full of expectation for this visit.

Known as the "land of a thousand hills", Rwanda is blessed with picturesque sceneries, a spring-like weather all year round, and rich endowment of natural resources. Thanks to the unremitting efforts of the brave and hard-working Rwandan people, this country has remained a vibrant land on the African continent.

In recent years, under the leadership of President Kagame, the government and people of Rwanda have made pioneering efforts to blaze a development path that suits its national conditions. Enjoying good governance and social harmony, Rwanda is making progress on every front of development. With sustained stability and robust economic growth, Rwanda has seen a continued rise in its regional and global influence, and has set an example for countries who face the similar tasks of national development and rejuvenation in Africa and beyond. I am heartened to see these accomplishments and sincerely wish Rwanda still greater success on its way forward.

As a Chinese poem reads, "Good friends feel close to each other even when they are thousands of miles away." Despite the vast geographic distance and differences in size, system and culture between China and Rwanda, our peoples enjoy a deep traditional friendship. Both our two countries endured great sufferings in history. That is why we cherish the national stability, ethnic unity and economic development we now enjoy, and take pride in what we have accomplished along the way.

China and Rwanda established diplomatic relations in 1971. Over the past 47 years, our two countries have treated each other as equals with sincerity and friendship. Based on mutual trust and assistance, our friendship has stood the test of the changing international landscape and taken root in our people's hearts. In recent years, thanks to the concerted efforts of both sides, our bilateral ties have achieved fast expansion and demonstrated fresh vitality with fruitful cooperation in all areas. China has become Rwanda's biggest trading partner and project contractor. We are glad to see that the Amahoro National Stadium built by China has hosted many spectacular sports games and become a popular recreation and entertainment venue for the Rwandan people. The Musanze Integrated Polytechnic Regional Colleague has grown into the biggest professional training center in the Northern Province. The project of drilling 200 wells, soon to be delivered, will help ease water shortages for over 110,000 people. The garment factory that a Chinese entrepreneur has set up in response to President Kagame's "Made in Rwanda" development initiative is playing a positive role in growing Rwanda's manufacturing sector. Another Chinese company has made itself a household name in Rwanda as it undertakes 70% of Rwanda's national highway construction.

People-to-people friendship holds the key to good state-to-state relations. The rich and diverse people-to-people exchanges between our two sides have led to a growing interest in China and Chinese culture among the Rwandan people. Each year, several hundred talented young Rwandan students go to study in China on Chinese government scholarships. The number of registered students in the Confucius Institute at the University of Rwanda is approaching 5,000. The Rwanda Kung Fu/Wushu Federation has over 2,000 participants. At the Masaka Hospital and the Kibungo Hospital, two hospitals built by China, caring and highly-skilled members of the Chinese medical teams are providing much needed services to more than 600,000 local people. Digital TV services will soon be brought to 300 villages in Rwanda under an ongoing project of providing access to satellite TV to a total of 10,000 Rwandan villages, enriching the cultural life of over 150,000 rural residents.

With Rwanda actively implementing its Vision 2020 Umurenge Program and China working toward its centenary goals, historic opportunities beckon for our cooperation. During his visit to China in March 2017, President Kagame and I reached important consensus on deepening cooperation in various fields under the new circumstances and made overall plans for the future growth of relations between our two countries. I hope my upcoming visit will inject new impetus to our traditional friendship and all-round cooperation, take bilateral relations to a new level, and produce fruitful results to the benefit of our peoples.

-- We need to uphold mutual respect and deepen political mutual trust. We should view and grow our relations with a strategic and long-term perspective. By way of enhancing exchanges and cooperation at all levels and sharing development experience, we will be able to cement the political foundation for the sound, steady and sustained growth of our relations. China firmly supports Rwanda in following the development path it has independently chosen.

-- We need to connect our development strategies and expand cooperation in all areas. By leveraging our complementarities and broadening the scope and channels of cooperation, we will be able to advance practical cooperation in infrastructure, mining, trade and investment, translating our friendship into concrete outcomes and delivering more benefits to our peoples.

-- We need to promote mutual learning between civilizations and further enhance people-to-people exchanges. Deeper exchanges and cooperation in education, culture, health, tourism, aviation and human resources training will help cement the social foundation for bilateral relations and gain increasing public support for our friendship.

-- We need to strengthen collaboration in international affairs through closer communication and coordination. China commends and supports the efforts of Rwanda, the rotating chair of the African Union (AU), to play a bigger role in preserving Africa's unity and promoting its development. Our two countries will continue to firmly uphold the common interests of developing countries through close communication and coordination in regional and international affairs.

The friendship between our two countries is an epitome of the friendship between China and Africa. For decades, China and Africa have treated each other with sincerity and friendship. We are a community with a shared future and common interests, featuring solidarity and win-win cooperation. Going forward, China will continue to deepen communication, mutual trust and cooperation with Rwanda and with other friendly African countries, based on the principles of sincerity, real results, affinity and good faith and the approach of upholding justice and pursuing shared interests. In just over a month's time, China will host a summit of the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC) in Beijing. I will welcome President Kagame to the summit in his capacity as President of Rwanda and as the rotating AU chair. I look forward to meeting with him and other leaders of FOCAC members to draw up a blueprint for furthering China-Africa friendship and cooperation and promoting our future development.

The decades-old Umuganda culture in Rwanda encourages joint efforts and mutual help for common goals. A Chinese saying contains a similar message, "People with one mind and heart have the power to move a mountain." In a world of increasing inter-connection and inter-dependence, countries are faced with many common challenges. It is important for China and Rwanda to join hands for mutual benefit and common development and for a community with a shared future between our two countries and between China and Africa as a whole. I am convinced that with the joint efforts of our two governments and peoples, China-Rwanda relations will embrace an even brighter future.